In another article, we already showed how you can make a beeswax polish for driftwood yourself. But beeswax is not necessarily the best solution for natural and solid wood. Wood oils or hard wax oil mixtures are more suitable for these types of wood. And of course, we also have a proven recipe for this …
The recipe is only suitable for small furniture or decorative objects. Please do not let the floor in with it.
Why Wood Oil or Hard Wax Oil Is the Right Choice for Solid Wood
While driftwood “is only gray,” natural or solid wood lives from its yellow and brown tones.
A beeswax blend doesn’t particularly promote these color differences. It is technically said that beeswax does not cheer.
On the other hand, an oil fires the wood and ensures that the wood image is very rich in contrast.
However, oil alone is often fragile and is absorbed by the wood, and often does not form a surface that can be polished. Therefore, waxes are added to industrial wood oil or hard wax oil. This allows the wooden surface to be polished better and also becomes more resistant.
Which Oils and Waxes Are Suitable for Treating Wood
Not all oils and waxes are suitable for making hard wax oils. Furthermore, it is important to us to only use natural materials as far as possible.
Waxes that Are Suitable for The Production of Wood Oil
In the following section, we list a few waxes that we have tested ourselves. There are probably other waxes as well. But we have had excellent experiences with the following.
Beeswax is the classic among wood waxes. It is a completely natural substance that is produced by the bees in the beehive. The melting point is around 61 – 65 ° C. You can get the wax cleaned as a block directly from the beekeeper or as pastilles. The color of the natural product varies from a strong yellow to white.
The candelilla wax comes from the candelilla bush in Mexico. Since the wax can only be traded with import regulations (CITES certificate) at the moment, we do not want to name a source of sales for this.
Carnauba wax is another popular wood wax. It has a higher melting point of 82 – 86 ° C. It is also a bit harder than beeswax. Carnauba wax is also a 100% natural substance. The wax comes from the carnauba palm, which grows mainly in Brazil. In terms of color, you get the wax in shades from white to yellow. Carnauba wax is slightly more expensive than beeswax and is mainly sold as pastilles.
Paraffin waxes are waxes that are industrially produced – mostly from petroleum. We only list these waxes because some old candle heads are at home. If these are colorless (white), they can, of course, also be used to produce wood oil.
Oils that Can Be Used to Make Hard Wax Oil Mixtures
As with the waxes, we only list a few oils with which we have had good experiences.
Nut oils are best suited for the production of wood oils. These oils harden completely in the air and form a protective layer on the wood. The following nut oils are very suitable for this.
- Peanut oil is our favorite. It is inexpensive and has little yellow content.
- Walnut oil is more expensive and can also go rancid more easily.
- Hazelnut oil is difficult to obtain, but it also has good properties.
Other Natural Oils
In addition to nut oils, there are other well-known oils that you can add to a wood oil mixture. These are the following oils.
- Linseed oil (varnish) is a well-known oil made from linseed and protects the wood very well.
- Tung oil is made from seeds of the Asian tung tree and is very popular with woodturners.
- Sesame oil is relatively unknown in the woodworking scene, but it can also be added.
Not All (Edible) Oils Are Suitable for A Hard Wax Oil
As you have surely noticed, you can find many of the featured crudes in the food section of a supermarket. In addition, one often hears in the wood scene about wood treatment with olive, sunflower, or rapeseed oil. So why are these oils not suitable for hard wax oil production?
Quite simply, these oils are not (completely) hardening oils. And that’s the whole point. Since the oils do not harden, you will get a greasy surface in the best case. It goes without saying that this is not hygienic.
But it is much worse than the unhardened part of the oil reacts with oxygen and becomes rancid. When that happens, your pieces of wood will start to stink or go moldy. Often the only thing that helps is the way to the bin.
The other group that we consider unsuitable is oils from petroleum. It should be clear to everyone that engine and gear oils are completely unsuitable.
But there are certain synthetically produced oils, especially for wood treatment. However, we largely do without chemicals and synthetic substances in the natural product wood. That is why we have no knowledge in this area that we can or want to pass on to you.
So You Can Make a Hard Wax Oil Yourself
In the following, we present you a basic recipe for a hard wax oil mixture. The consistency is not liquid but rather like that of soft shoe polish. If you want a more fluid consistency, you can use a little more oil.
Don’t replace too much wax with oil; otherwise, the wax will no longer combine with the oil. If you still want it to be more liquid, add some turpentine oil. You can use it to dilute your mixture as you wish.
Ingredients You Need for The Wood Oil
In the list, we only give oil and wax as ingredients. You can mix the above oils and waxes with each other as long as you keep the ratio. We prefer to use peanut oil and beeswax for our hard wax oil.
- Part of wax pastilles
- Two parts of oil
- Possibly turpentine oil
- Tin can
- Heat source (water bath, fire, etc.)
Mix the Oil with The Wax – This Is How You Do It
The recipe itself is relatively simple.
- First, the wax is melted. This works in a water bath on the stove, directly on the grill, or a camping stove.
- When one part of wax has melted, you can pour it directly into the two parts of oil.
- As the oil/wax mixture cools, keep stirring it so the components mix well.
- Finally, you can add some turpentine oil to make the consistency more fluid. If you want a really liquid solution, you can also pour turpentine into the glass while cooling.
In our beeswax article, we go into more detail about wax boiling. There you will also find exact step-by-step instructions.
This Is How You Properly Apply the Hard Wax Oil to The Wood
The oil mixture is best applied with a cotton cloth or kitchen paper in a circular motion. A brush is also possible, of course.
A thin layer can remain on the wood, which you can then let dry.
When the layer is dry, you can polish it up wonderfully with a brush. This gives the wood a very nice look and feel.
And best of all, if the wax/oil layer becomes dull over time, you can always polish it up again with a brush.
That was it today for making hard wax oil yourself.
We hope to teach you something about wood treatment again today and hope you enjoy trying it out for yourself.